Periodontal disease is a developing condition that affects the gums’ supporting and surrounding tissue and the jawbone structures. If periodontal disease is not treated on time it can cause loose, wobbly teeth and ultimately result in tooth loss.

The bacterial infection of the gums and tissues that support your teeth is the primary cause of periodontal disease. The condition is the result of plaque and tartar accumulations when adequate oral hygiene is not followed.

At Baker Family Dentistry, we offer various periodontal disease treatments to ensure the well-being of your oral health.

Types of Periodontal Disease

There are two significant stages of periodontal disease:

  • Gingivitis

This is a mild type of gum disease, and the condition can be reversed with efficient home care and professional cleanings.

  • Periodontitis

When gingivitis is not addressed, it can progress into periodontitis. It is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the deterioration of the gingival and bone tissue.  Periodontitis can finally lead to loss of teeth and other severe health complications.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Gum disease does not always display any apparent symptoms. Hence regular dental exams are the solution to maintain continued good oral health. The symptoms during the early stage of infection are subtle, but they may advance into a more severe condition without treatment.

  • Red, inflamed gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Chronic foul breath
  • Gum recession
  • Pus near the tooth roots
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss

Treatment for Periodontal Disease

There are various surgical and nonsurgical treatments to address periodontal disease. A comprehensive periodontal exam of the oral cavity will be conducted before recommending the necessary treatment. The most standard procedures for periodontal disease are:

  • Scaling and Root Planing 

The health of the gum tissue can be maintained by eliminating the primary cause of infections which is the bacteria and tartar build-up. The gum pockets will be meticulously cleaned and treated with antibiotics to reduce the infection. A medicated mouthwash will be prescribed as part of your oral hygiene.

  • Tissue Regeneration 

When the gum and bone tissues have declined, tissue grafting therapies can stimulate the healthy growth of the impaired tissues. A membrane tissue may be surgically placed into the affected areas to encourage the regeneration process.

  • Pocket Elimination Surgery 

Pocket elimination surgery, also called flap surgery, is an invasive procedure undertaken to decrease the pocket size between gums and teeth. Surgery on the jawbone is another alternative that serves to remove the hollows in the bone which nurture the settlement of bacteria.

If you want to learn more about our gum care treatments, visit our office, Baker Family Dentistry, at 4217 E 3rd St., Bloomington, IN 47401. You can also reach us at (812) 332-2000.